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INVESTIGATION OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN DURING SUMMER SEASON
ESRA ULGEN TEMEL, KENAN KOCABAY, AYBARS OZKAN
Eurasian Journal of Family Medicine - 2021;10(1):21-27
Department of Child Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Aim: Vitamin D deficiency is an important public health problem, especially affecting children. The aim of our study is to evaluate the serum 25 (OH) vitamin D levels of children during the summer and to determine some features such as exposure to the sun, oral vitamin D supplementation, and to examine the parameters that affect serum vitamin D levels. Methods: In our study, children aged between 12 and 83 months were included. A questionnaire was answered by families. In this cross-sectional study, serum 25 (OH) vitamin D levels of children and biochemical parameters were examined. Results: The mean serum 25 (OH) vitamin D level was 27.0±12.4 ng/ml. Vitamin D deficiency was found 17%, and vitamin D insufficiency was 6%. The children that taking daycare indoors and body mass index <5th percentile had lower serum 25 (OH) vitamin D levels. Children between the ages of 12-36 months and children with chronic diseases were found to have a shorter time to benefit from sunlight. Conclusion: The rate of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency (<20 ng/ml) in children were found at 23% in summer season. Families and caregivers should be informed about vitamin D and should be aware of safe sun exposure.

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